29.12.08

Book Review - Get Your Frog Out of the Well


I just finished and enjoyed a short book by fellow New Englander Chuck Boyer, entitled:
Get Your Frog Out of the Well - Private lessons for the global economy.

The frog book, as the author privately refers to it,  is published by Wiley-India and is currently sold only on the Indian sub-continent. If you're reading my blog from the USA, you're going to have a hard time finding and buying this book. I apologize to my American audience for that, and I urge my Indian readers to head out to the book store right away.  Released mid-year, this book has been at or near the top of the non-fiction list in India ever since. And with good reason!

The framework for the book, as well as the source for the title, is a speech given in the 1890's by Swami Vivekananda, a Hindu teacher widely credited with the revival of Hinduism in India and beyond.  In the speech, he admonished his US audience to consider the world beyond their immediate line of sight -  and to not be "like a frog in a well."  (Chuck tells the story better in the book...)

The point of the parable, one I've frequently tried to get across in my blog posts about communication, is that the world is a big place, and that it's naive and foolish to consider only your own point of reference in any attempt to communicate with a global audience.  

This parable makes a great start to a book about communicating and working with Americans.  It's a fair summary to say that the book is written for professionals working in India's booming IT and software development industry.  These people are usually smart, well-educated technicians.  But they may not have the soft skills necessary to succeed when they are required to work with peers and managers in the USA.  I've experienced this problem first hand, and this book can help.  

Well researched and concisely written, this book offers good advice on communication style, keen insights into some broad general trends about Americans, and lots of stories and anecdotes that make the book approachable and keep it interesting.

So I think it's fair to presume that anyone interested in my blog will enjoy and learn from this book.  

I can imagine buying multiple copies of this book and giving it out to entire teams of engineers in India  It would make a great basis for a multi-part book-club meeting, to help the team talk through communication strategies and tricks to be more effective with their US peers or clients.  

If you're lucky enough to be in India any time soon, pick up a copy.  You'll enjoy it!

(as an aside, you can buy it here, but I didn't check to see what rediff will charge to ship a copy to the USA.) 





21.12.08

Chinese place names


So, is this Peking duck, Beijing duck, or Peiching duck?

This entry isn't strictly about outsourcing, but since much of what I talk about with my fellow outsourcing professionals is travel-related I thought this bit about place names in China was fair game. 

On my recent (first) business trip to China I was somewhat confused by the place names.  I had studied my guide books, but the names of cities  I saw on street signs and signs in the airports were all slightly different, depending on the context.  I presumed it was a post-colonial reversion to a more accurate phonetic interpretation of the place's traditional name, kind of like how Bombay became Mumbai.  Turns out I was close, but it's a bit more nuanced than that.

There are two competing conventions on how to render Mandarin Chinese into ASCII.  They are:
  • Pinyin: This is the official phonetic spelling guide for Chinese, as developed by the PRC in the 50's, and since adopted as "official" global standard for pronouncing and transcribing Mandarin.  Taiwan (The Republic of China) will adopt this standard in a few weeks, at which point we may presume many of their cities will become misspelled - overnite.  
  • The Wade-Giles System: This system predates Pinyin, and was developed by Thomas Francis Wade in the 1860's, then improved by Herbert Allen Giles in 1912.  Both these guys were British foreign service, so I was somewhat correct in my assumption that this spelling discrepancy was a hangover from the colonial era. 
There's a link here to a decent site that attempts to make sense of Chinese place names.  

In short Chengdu and Cheng-tu are the same city, as are Xian and Hsi An, as are Nanjing and Nanking.  In each case, the first name is the Pinyin spelling, and the second name is the Wade-Giles spelling.

Beijing, which is spelled "Peiching" in the Wade-Giles system, is still commonly referred to as Peking (and the airport code for the Beijing International Airport is still PEK).

And sadly, I did not have Peking duck on my trip.




4.12.08

China Outsourcing Summit - Days Three and Four


Days Three and Four

The final blog entry from my trip to the Gartner China Outsourcing Summit has hit a number of sequential delays.  First, I was struck with the news of the terrorist attacks in Mumbai.  Then, I was in a deep stupor having partaken of the traditional Thanksgiving feast last week.  Most recently, I've been frantically preparing, and last night delivering a one hour talk on outsourcing in China, entitled "China's Century, Hype or Hope?"  (more on that later...)

That out of the way, I thought I'd go through my notes and summarize days three and four of the summit.  These were spent in session with Gartner analysts, and in boardroom sessions with vendors.  I generally don't mind these 30 minute sessions, because they really are more "executive briefing" than sales pitch, and I learn a lot about the companies in question, as much based on their professionalism and presentation materials as based on their slide ware content.

The odd twist in this summit was that the presenters were a mix of companies and provincial government officials. I already explained the CCIIP - China Inc's PR and VC arm.  These presentations were by regional affiliates from the target cities supported by the 1000-100-10 Project, in Chengdu to tell people like me about the relative merits of Xian as compared to Shenzhen.

My quick summary of both the vendors and the officials is that there is very little to differentiate one company from another (they are all roughly the same age, roughly the same size, and they say roughly the same stuff about themselves), or one city from another (they are all large and new and populous and beautiful and harmonious and filled with the ephemeral goodness of harmonious socialist state).  That said, there are a few companies to watch, and there is a significant cost differential in China as you move away from the coastal cities.


Gartner highlighted the following companies as "top 10" by size.  I'm not going to list the sizes here, or for that matter the URLs to the companies, since you can find this info easily if you're interested, and the Gartner stats on headcount were already significantly out of date.  Here are the ten "largest" Chinese IT Outsourcing companies today:
  1. Neusoft
  2. DHC
  3. SinoCom
  4. Hisoft Technology
  5. Chinasoft
  6. Vance InfoTech
  7. Achievo
  8. Insigma
  9. iSoftstone
  10. Beyondsoft



My short list of "companies to watch" is:

  • DHC - These guys impressed me by talking about what they could do, instead of flashing up a bunch of Visio diagrams of network architecture and OSI stacks.  They understand how to talk to buyers, which means (I think) that they understand something about business.  I think they'll be successful, if they can continue to manage their service delivery.  They have also secured significant venture investment from their customers, which I take as a good sign.

  • Beyondsoft - These guys are big (tenth largest) and have staffed US-based service delivery with US-resident Chinese staff who understand how to do business with Americans, and just as importantly, how to get business done in China.  

  • Freeborders (11th in size, they are the first I've seen to develop significant American-Culture sales and marketing in the US.  They followed up with me within two business days from the end of the summit, and have already gotten me scheduled for a lunch meeting to continue relationship building.  These guys "get it" in a way that will win them new business in the months and years to come.




Now... about the cities...

As I said, they have all invested in IT Outsourcing infrastructure and capacity.  The big difference I see is that the inland cities, such as Chengdu, enjoy a 30% cost-of-living reduction over Beijing and Shanghai. If you're going to China to be cheaper, you may want to head inland past the big port cities, and find a partner in Chengdu, Xian, etc.

A bit about the economics...

China is cheap.   Not as cheap as Vietnam, but much more massive, and probably in possession of a more educated workforce.  It's really tough to get a straight answer about this from anyone, but as near as I can tell, an entry level developer will pull in an equivalent of $US 12,000 a year. That's compared to about $US 20,000 for the same talent in India, and about $65,000 in the good old US of A.  As you get into the senior talent pool for development, the percentage of US scale is even more favorable.  But (there's always a but) there is a significant differential in cost of leadership experience (as in India), and good verbal English language skills.  As already mentioned, the coastal cities are more expensive than the inland cities.  Adding to this advantage are the tax incentives that the 11th 5-year plan has put in place to encourage growth in the IT Outsourcing Industry.

All in, China can certainly deliver Cheaper, if you can manage your vendors or your captive to ensure either parity or improvement in quality and productivity.

I got out into Chengdu both evenings after the conference let out.  I found the city beautiful and safe by night, bustling but not in a New York kind of way... I didn't really have much sense of being in China though.  It was modern and cosmopolitan. The people were stylish, and "western" in dress.  The cars were European brands.  I felt, to be honest, more like I was in Vancouver on a Saturday evening.

I did get to eat some genuine (I was told) Sichuan food.  It was spicy, in a way I've never experienced in the USA.  The "Ma", or numbness from the Sichuan peppercorns, was just amazing.  And apparently growing up in the south is good global training for spicy food.  I was eating with Chinese and Taiwanese Americans, who were breaking out in sweat over the spice in the food.  I was just enjoying it.  So either I'm the Rambo of the Mala Chicken scene, or they were giving "the white guy" different food...  Either way, my local Chinese takeout joint will  never be the same.

Sichuan Tofu Pot - Very spicy...

The trip home was a slow-motion rerun of the trip there.  Lots of airplane terminals, departure lounges, a fog of Yan Jing beer, and, 31 hours later, a car ride home from Logan airport.  
3 days of travel for 4 days of being there.  I'm not sure I'd do it again, but it was a great trip.  I learned a ton, and made some business connections I suspect I'll nurture and grow in the coming years.  Thanks Gartner, and thanks CCIIP for putting this on!



2.12.08

Mumbai attack aftermath...

So, I'm not really equipped as a writer to comment on the human tragedy of last week's attacks in Mumbai. But someone pointed out to me a truth about this event, and indeed about all "security."

The truth is this: The risk of traveling in India is no different today than it was this time last week, before the attacks. If anything, this will cause changes that will make it safer to travel and live in India, both for Westerners and for Indians.

I agree, though the emotional impact of watching the Taj Hotel burning is tough to get over.

All that said and done, the CIA's latest travel advisory urges caution, but stops short of advising curtailment of travel.  This is quoted from the CIA's 11/28/08 advisory (that expires on 12/31/08).  

Americans throughout India should be vigilant about security at all times. The Embassy and Consulates are actively assessing the countrywide security environment.  Americans are advised to monitor local news reports, vary their routes and times in carrying out daily activities, and consider the level of security present when visiting public places, including religious sites, or hotels, restaurants, entertainment and recreation venues.  If unattended packages are spotted, American citizens should immediately exit the area and report the packages to authorities.

Good advice for troubled times...